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The UK accountancy watchdog has launched an investigation into the collapse of travel firm Thomas Cook. The Financial Reporting Council’s (FRC) probe will look at the audit of the company by accountancy giant EY for the year ending 30 September 2018.

The FRC’s enforcement division will carry out the investigation and has the power to impose unlimited fines and suspend individual accountants.

Thomas Cook collapsed last week after being unable to raise emergency funds.

The collapse of the 178-year-old firm last week put 9,000 staff in the UK out of work – and left 150,000 British holidaymakers stuck overseas.

Thomas Cook has had three chief financial officers over the past two years, and has also faced questions about its accounting methods.

Rachel Reeves, chair of the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee, said last week that there were questions to be asked about the firm’s “accounting practices”, with suggestions that they improved the chances of executives being paid large bonuses.

‘Close review’

EY is one of the so-called Big Four accounting firms in the UK. It took over as Thomas Cook’s auditor from PWC in 2017.

Announcing its inquiry the FRC said it would “keep under close review both the scope of this investigation and the question of whether to open any other investigation in relation to Thomas Cook, liaising with other relevant regulators to the fullest extent permissible”.

The FRC said the investigation would first look at whether EY had a case to answer, and if it did so then the two sides would convene at a tribunal where the accountancy firm – or individual accountants – would have a chance to defend any allegations against them.

The FRC also said that if an accountancy firm admitted wrongdoing in the early stage of any inquiry, then it would reduce the size of any potential fine levied against it.

Earlier this year the UK’s competition regulator recommended a major shake-up of the UK’s accountancy market, but stopped short of calling for the Big Four accountancy firms to be broken up.

The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) said auditing and consultancy services should be entirely separate. Its recommendations follow the collapse of high-profile companies such as construction firm Carillion, which was audited by KPMG.